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Category: Disorders

  • Apr 06, 2012
  • 12:02 AM

Tackling dyslexia before kids learn to read

ScienceDaily
For children with dyslexia, the trouble begins even before they start reading and for reasons that don't necessarily reflect other language skills. This study for the first time reveals a causal connection between early problems with visual attention and a later diagnosis of dyslexia.
  • Mar 29, 2012
  • 07:10 PM

App may help autisic children speak

UPI.com
Oliver Wendt, an assistant professor of speech, language and hearing sciences who worked with the students developing the, said the app, called SPEAKall!, allowed the children to construct sentences by choosing photos and graphic symbols. The app speaks the sentence, which allows a child to communicate a thought and helps a child learn to talk.
  • Mar 22, 2012
  • 12:17 PM

Preemies can lag in language later on: study

Amy Norton / Reuters
The researchers, whose findings were reported in Pediatrics, found that, in general, preterm babies tend to have more difficulty with complex language skills as they grow older, such as reading or writing complex sentence structures -- at least, up to age 12.
  • Mar 20, 2012
  • 02:14 PM

Speech therapy needed to cut re-offending rates

Kirsty Topping / Deadline News
SPEECH therapy could help prevent criminals reoffending, research has found. The most comprehensive study of speech and language therapy within Scotland’s criminal justice system identified a huge un-met need, with few offenders receiving adequate help to improve their communication skills – skills which could better equip individuals to live more successfully and prevent a return to criminal activity.
  • Mar 18, 2012
  • 08:26 PM

European Speech and Language Therapy Day 2012

Malta Independent Online
European Speech and Language Therapy Day is celebrated in 25 different European countries by 30 speech language pathologists organisations in Europe, members of CPLOL, the Standing Liaison Committee for Speech and Language Pathologists in Europe. The same theme is promoted on this day and throughout the month of March in these countries.
  • Mar 15, 2012
  • 11:18 PM

“Language disorder” trouble warned for children learning many languages

VietNamNet Bridge
...Therefore, Thuy decided to send her first grader son to English, French and Japanese classes, hoping that the child would become a “language prodigy.” However, the child has become afraid of learning languages just after a short time of attending classes. “He has been leaving his meal untouched for the last one month. He is afraid of learning foreign languages,” Thuy said. “Sometimes, in his dream, he speaks a lot in a quite strange language that I myself do not know what it is,” she added.
  • Mar 15, 2012
  • 01:14 AM

Prevalence of voice disorders in Arab region expected to be over 6%

Middle East North Africa Financial Network
According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) 6% of the population have speech, voice or language disorders . The prevalence in the region is expected to be higher however, unfortunately, there are no official statistics regarding the prevalence of voice disorders for neither the UAE nor the Arab region.
  • Mar 08, 2012
  • 09:39 AM

A Bird's Song May Teach Us About Human Speech Disorders

ScienceDaily
The song of a small bird is providing valuable insights into human speech and speech disorders. Scientists have now discovered that some 2,000 genes in a brain region of a male bird called the zebra finch are significantly linked to singing. More than 1,500 of these genes in a critical part of the bird's song circuitry are reported for the first time.
  • Feb 29, 2012
  • 09:38 PM

$3.5M grant to study language learning in fragile X

Univeristy of California
Leonard Abbeduto, director of the UC Davis MIND Institute, has received a more than $3.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct an examination of the development of language among individuals with fragile X syndrome, the leading inherited cause of intellectual disability and the foremost single-gene cause of autism spectrum disorder.
  • Feb 29, 2012
  • 01:42 AM

Predicting Children's Language Development

ScienceDaily
We depend on a barrage of standardized tests to assess everything from aptitude to intelligence. But do they provide an accurate forecast when it comes to something as complex as language? A new Language Use Inventory does, researchers say.
  • Feb 22, 2012
  • 11:24 AM

Prenatal Testosterone Linked to Increased Risk of Language Delay for Male Infants, Study Shows

ScienceDaily
New research by Australian scientists reveals that males who are exposed to high levels of testosterone before birth are twice as likely to experience delays in language development compared to females. The research, published in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, focused on umbilical cord blood to explore the presence of testosterone when the language-related regions of a fetus' brain are undergoing a critical period of growth.
  • Dec 22, 2011
  • 12:19 PM

Folic Acid in Early Pregnancy Associated With Reduced Risk of Severe Language Delay in Children

ScienceDaily
Use of folic acid supplements by women in Norway in the period four weeks before to eight weeks after conception was associated with a reduced risk of the child having severe language delay at age three years, according to a new study.
  • Dec 06, 2011
  • 12:36 PM

Book of Dreams: Devices would help pair communicate

Anita Creamer / Sacramento Bee
...Both Shimizu and Cooper have taken training sessions with the Communication Technology Education Center, learning to operate devices that can open a new world of communication for them. InAlliance representatives have asked Book of Dreams readers to help pay for the devices. For Shimizu, that means an iPad specially outfitted with a program that allows him to touch picture-only icons that express his needs.
  • Nov 24, 2011
  • 05:10 PM

How the brain strings words into sentences

Daniel Stolte / UA News
Distinct neural pathways are important for different aspects of language processing, researchers have discovered, studying patients with language impairments caused by neurodegenerative diseases.
  • Nov 23, 2011
  • 12:00 PM

Surprising pathway implicated in stuttering

ScienceDaily
Researchers have obtained new evidence that at least some persistent stuttering is caused by mutations in a gene governing not speech, but a metabolic pathway involved in recycling old cell parts. Beyond a simple association, the study provides the first evidence that mutations affecting cellular recycling centers called lysosomes actually play a role in causing some people to stutter.
  • Nov 22, 2011
  • 09:17 PM

Sign language benefits hearing children and those with autism

Linda Walls / Asbury Park Press
Today, ASL (American Sign Language) is taught in colleges, universities, preschool and elementary schools and is the third most used language in the United States. “It's more popular than ever,” partly because learning the manual language creates anatomical changes in the brain, Daniels told a group of parents and teachers during an October presentation called “Sign to Speak” at the Spring Lake Library.
  • Aug 16, 2011
  • 12:01 AM

Profound Reorganization in Brains of Adults Who Stutter: New Study Shows Auditory-Motor Integration Located in a Different Part of the Brain

ScienceDaily
Hearing Beethoven while reciting Shakespeare can suppress even a King's stutter, as recently illustrated in the movie "The King's Speech". This dramatic but short-lived effect of hiding the sound of one's own speech indicates that the integration of hearing and motor functions plays some role in the fluency (or dysfluency) of speech.
  • Aug 12, 2011
  • 12:48 AM

Language-obsessed teen has tongue operation

Ninemsn
A 19-year-old British student obsessed with Korean culture has had an operation to make her tongue longer so she can speak the language.
  • Aug 10, 2011
  • 09:48 PM

Children sought for cleft palate speech study: Researcher has new method of therapy

Kristi L. Nelson / Knoxville News Sentinel
The traditional treatment to help children born with cleft palates develop fewer speech problems isn't as effective as speech pathologist Nancy Scherer thinks it could be. So Scherer, a researcher at East Tennessee State University in Johnson City, is studying a new method that she thinks will help normalize the speech development of such children before speech disorders become a hard-to-break habit.
  • Aug 04, 2011
  • 11:27 PM

New Brain Imaging Research Reveals Why Autistic Individuals Confuse Pronouns

ScienceDaily
A new brain imaging study provides an explanation as to why autistic individuals' use of the wrong pronoun is more than simply a word choice problem. Researchers found that errors in choosing a self-referring pronoun reflect a disordered neural representation of the self, a function processed by at least two brain areas -- one frontal and one posterior.
  • Jul 30, 2011
  • 12:37 PM

Dissecting Dyslexia: Linking Reading to Voice Recognition

ScienceDaily
When people recognize voices, part of what helps make voice recognition accurate is noticing how people pronounce words differently. But individuals with dyslexia don't experience this familiar language advantage, say researchers.
  • Jul 27, 2011
  • 01:57 PM

Language manuals website provides a cultural education

Marisa Riley / University Star
...Charkraborty came up with the idea for the site when he saw the challenges speech pathologists encountered when confronted by clients of different linguistic backgrounds. He said SLPs could use the website to better understand their bilingual and multicultural clients, aiding them in properly diagnosing communication disorders across cultural lines.
  • Jul 21, 2011
  • 01:37 PM

Trouble with sentences may predict Alzheimer's

ECNmag.com
Having trouble finding the right word to say is a known side effect of healthy aging. But older adults with early Alzheimer's disease may find it especially difficult not only to find words but also to construct complex sentences, finds a Cornell pilot study.
  • Jul 12, 2011
  • 05:54 PM

Can Learning Japanese or Chinese Help Dyslexia?

Kristina C. / Care2.com
Learning Japanese or Chinese can help students with dyslexia, the neurologically-based learning disability: That might sound counter-logical, given that dyslexics have difficulties with language-based tasks. But because both Japanese and Chinese use character-based writing systems instead of an alphabet (though Japanese also has another writing system, kana, which is based on phonetic sounds and more similar to an alphabet), they can be more easy for some dyslexics to grasp.
  • Jul 12, 2011
  • 02:51 PM

Child Late To Talk? When To Stress

Catherine Pearson / Huffington Post
When parents go to New York-based certified speech-language pathologist Tanya Hefets, they are often overcome with fear and frustration. Their son or daughter may not have hit key developmental markers, like babbling at 4 to 6 months or stringing words together by age 2. They are often deeply concerned about what this might mean.
  • Jun 15, 2011
  • 12:09 AM

New toolkit will help identify early language issues

HealthCanal.com
A new assessment tool will help prevent multilingual children being wrongly diagnosed with speech and language problems.
  • Jun 13, 2011
  • 09:37 PM

Area middle school students in national Braille contest

Patrick Beach / Austin American-Statesman
In part because of technological advances, such as talking computers and digital books, these two are in the minority for knowing Braille, a writing system that uses raised dots and is read using the fingers. In a report three years ago , the National Federation of the Blind said less than 10 percent of sightless Americans could read Braille.
  • Jun 02, 2011
  • 12:34 AM

What’s New in Aphasia Research

Mamta Singh / EmpowHer
Research on Aphasia has made it possible for patients to lead improved lives with better control of their language and comprehension skills through a combination of linguistic and drug therapy. Let’s take a look at what is new in the field of research for the condition:
  • May 21, 2011
  • 11:39 PM

Infants' Cries May Predict Later Language Development

Mary Elizabeth Dallas / MSN Health & Fitness
FRIDAY, May 20 (HealthDay News) -- The level of complexity of infants' cries may help to predict which babies are at risk for language delays, new research suggests.
  • May 19, 2011
  • 06:26 PM

Teachers Need Greater Awareness of Language Disorders, Research Finds

ScienceDaily
Greater awareness of 'specific language impairment' (SLI), a language disorder, is needed to ensure better outcomes for the 3-6 per cent of UK school children affected by this disability. Children with SLI have difficulties with most or all aspects of language including grammar, vocabulary and literacy as well as with short term memory.

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